How to Grow a lot of Food in a Small Garden - 9 EZ tips
How to Have a Sustainable Garden in Saudi Arabia
Amend the soil.Test the soil in your garden for salinity.
- If it is too salty, remove and replace with sweet sand. Mix perlite and commercial potting mix.
- All soil types in desert environments will benefit from adding organic compost.
Choose your plants wisely.Where possible, use native plants or prefer plants that grow well in heat and do not need a lot of water.
Check whether you have a west or east facing yard.Your choice of plants will depend on the amount of sun the yard gets in a day. Know each plant's sun requirements. For example:
- Bougainvilla and lantana are two beautiful plants that are sun lovers.
- Hibiscus grows well in partly shady area. If attacked by aphids just give a good water hose blasting and it will be fine.
- Cana Lily loves a sunny spot with plenty of moist.
- Red palm, if placed outside, needs to be in a partially shaded area.
- Chinese ferns do well in partially shaded location with micro-climate environment.
If you have some rooftop space, you can set up a portable garden and use good quality potting soil.Consider sharing with neighbors who may also want to grow food, especially if you need to negotiate to get the rooftop space.
Find as many containers as possible.Good containers include large plastic bottles used for large amounts of water or oil (6 liter/4 gallon), coffee cans and terracotta flowerpots.
Fill with potting soil.Add some compost to the soil to improve its quality.
Choose seeds or seedlings.You might have a mixture of both ornamental plants (flowers, ferns, etc.) and edible plants (vegetables and fruit). This will depend on how much rooftop space you have. Some suggestions include:
Provide shade as required.Set up sail sheets, tarpaulins or similar covers for plants that need cover. Or, shift the containers to a wall that gets more shade.
Water regularly.Use a watering can or other container to bring water to the plants. Don't leave it too long between watering, especially on very hot days.
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||This is a sample rooftop garden in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.|
- Try to minimize water use. Reuse water where possible, taking it from finished household use to water the plants. The use of 'grey water' is encouraged to save this valuable resource - water.
- Visit the King Abdullah Botanical Gardens in Riyadh for ideas on growing local plants. You might be able to talk to the staff for advice too.
- Don't second guess. Test your soil for salinity to enable you to grow more plant variety.
- If you are planning to create an edible garden on a location that receives direct sun exposure, build a trellis and plant sun loving vines like sweet potatoes, bitter gourd, squash etc. These plants can climb and create a canopy to shield your more sensitive herbs and vegetables from the heat and will create "micro-climate".
- Very few ornamentals can tolerate high salinity in soils. Most yards in Saudi Arabia have sandy soil needing amendment or total replacement.
- Wear a mask when working with 'perlite' and 'vermiculite' with potting soil, to prevent breathing in dust as it would irritate your throat and lungs. You can moisten these materials prior to use.
Video: Sustainable Garden Ideas
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Date: 04.12.2018, 13:09 / Views: 72234