Writing the Literature Review (Part One): Step-by-Step Tutorial for Graduate Students

How to write a literature review

You will need
  • - literary sources on the topic of your scientific work;
  • - the Internet;
  • - a computer;
Study the maximum amount of literature on the topic about which you are going to write a scientific work. To do this, visit the library. It is best to use the original editions.
Try to refrain from using only e-books. They can be scanned without the obligatory illustrations, charts and graphs.
After studying each source, make a small summary in which you will explain the main content of the book you read. You can have a special notebook in which you will be in the course of studying literature, write quotes and theses necessary for your work.
Begin work on a literature review in advance. She can go in several stages. First make up the order in which literary sources should be presented in your scientific work. It depends on the logic in which you develop your own reasoning on the chosen topic.
Take the chronological principle as a basis and build a familiarization with the history of the issue in chronological order. Describe what views on the problem you are studying existed, how they evolved. What are the main representatives of scientific thought who worked on this question, what they achieved in their research and reasoning?
Analyze the work of predecessors critically. Point out the weak points in their writings, write down which of the questions remained unresolved. Be sure to include the reasons why the authors did not consider this or that side of the issue. Perhaps the reason was the lack of the necessary equipment (at the time of the research, it could still not exist). In this way, you will be able to determine the location of your research within this issue.
Briefly describe the scientific tasks set by the researchers. As far as they succeeded or failed to achieve the desired results. Do not rush to lay out your vision on the question in the literature review. State the reasons why you decided to continue researching this topic. You will formulate your tasks and describe ways to achieve them in the following parts of your scientific work.
Write a literary review throughout the work on the diploma (thesis). So it will be easier for you to correct it, supplement and make changes at the final stage.

Video: How to Write a Literature Review in 30 Minutes or Less

How to write a literature review
How to write a literature review

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