SMART Goals - Quick Overview
Tip 2: SMART methodology for setting goals and objectives
If a series of homogeneous members is preceded by a generalizing word, a colon is inserted after it. For example: "At the celebration on the occasion of the city day, everyone was present: girls and boys, men and women, children and old people." The generic word here is “everything.” A colon is also placed if there is no preceding homogeneous members of a generalizing word or phrase, but the reader should be warned about the subsequent listing. For example: "Walking around the forest and collecting mushrooms, we found: ten boletus, seven aspen mushrooms, two ceps and a lot of chanterelles."
It is important to note that if homogeneous members are expressed by proper names, whether they are names of literary works, geographic names, etc., but they are preceded by a general application or a defined word (city, river, book), a colon is not inserted in such cases. Intonational warning pause, characteristic of generalizing words, is also absent when reading.For example: “During the summer, a schoolboy read the works“ War and Peace ”,“ Taras Bulba ”,“ The Quiet Don ”and others.”
After the generalizing word, the words “somehow”, “that is,” “namely”, “for example” can stand. In this case, they are separated from the generalizing word by a comma, and a colon is placed after them: “For lunch, different soups were offered in the student’s canteen, such as soup, pickle, borscht, soup with meatballs.” If the sentence does not end on homogeneous members, they are also separated from the generalizing word by a colon, but a dash is put after them. For example: "And everything around: the fields, the roads, and the air - was soaked with the gentle evening sun."
In a complex sentence with a single subordinate, a colon is placed before the last one, if the main sentence contains words warning of further clarification: “I dreamed of only one thing: that the pain finally subsided.” If there are no such words, the subordinate clause is separated from the main comma.
In some cases, a colon is placed between the parts of the all-union complex sentence. So, this punctuation mark is used when the second part of the as-Union sentence clarifies, reveals the content of what is said in the first part (you can insert “that is”).For example: "The teacher of ethics had one very important feature: he did not like to death when he was sleeping in his classes."
In a complex asymptomatic sentence, a colon is also required if the first part of it contains the verbs “see”, “hear”, “feel”, “know”, etc., warning the reader that some description or statement of what follows will follow. either fact. For example: "I know: we can not be together." But if there is no warning intonation, a comma can be used instead of a colon.
In the second part of a complex asyndeznyj sentence, the basis, the reason for what is mentioned at the beginning can be indicated, and in this case a colon is also required (you can insert “because”, “because”): the station was on the train. "
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