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Instruction
To configure the web server, you must install a suitable operating system. The best of all are distributions from the Linux family. For example, for a web server, Red Hat, Fedora, and Ubuntu Server are good packages. Choose the Linux variant that suits you and download it from the Internet. You can also install a Debian Wheezy system ready for work with servers.
Record the selected distribution on the data carrier. You can write to a USB flash drive, CD or DVD. Among the most popular programs for burning images of operating systems are UltraISO and UNetbootin, which allow you to correctly extract the selected image to any removable media.
Open the downloaded distribution with the selected program and burn the disc, following the instructions of the interface. To make a bootable USB flash drive in UltraISO, use the “Write a Hard Disk Image” section.
Install the storage medium in the computer and boot from it. Install the operating system according to the instructions on the screen.To boot from disk, you need to go to the BIOS settings by pressing the F2, F8 or F10 button (depending on the motherboard model). Use the First Boot Device section to set the required parameters. In the list, specify your drive or USB reader, then save the changes and restart your computer.
After installing the operating system, you will need to install an application package to start the server (Apache, MySQL, PHP). To do this, call the terminal and enter the following commands:
Sudo apt-get install tasksel
Sudo tasksel
In the list that appears, use the keyboard buttons to select LAMP Server and press Enter. The installation process begins, during which you will be asked to set a password to access the MySQL panel. After the operation is completed, you can proceed to setting up and configuring your server, as well as setting up your own website.
note
After raising LAMP, all files of your resource will be located in the / var / www directory. Copy the data to run the site should be in this folder.
Helpful advice
The terminal is invoked using the appropriate menu item of the system, by pressing the Ctrl and T keys. In the absence of a graphical environment, the command line starts automatically.
Sources:
  • Ubuntu server
  • Debian wheezy
  • Unetbootin

Tip 2: How to make a computer server

There is a certain category of users who do not wish to use additional devices to create a local network. When you need to provide synchronous access to the Internet from severalcomputers, you need to configure one of them to perform server functions.
How to make a computer server
You will need
  • network adapter, network cable.
Instruction
Choose a computer that will directly access the Internet. It is recommended to use for this purpose a stationary computer that has the highest performance among other devices.
Purchase an additional network adapter. It is better to use an internal network card connected to the motherboard via a PCI connector.
Connect the adapter to the computer and install drivers for it. Connect this equipment to another computer using a network cable. Connect the Internet connection cable to the first network card.
Create a new connection to the Internet. Configure its parameters based on the requirements of your provider.
Open the Network and Sharing Center. Go to the properties of the second network card. Open the TCP / IP protocol settings (v4).Activate the item “Use the following IP address”. Set a constant (static) IP for this adapter, the value of which will be, for example, 43.43.43.1.
Go to the second computer (laptop). Open the network adapter settings as described in the previous step. Set for this network card the parameters, the values ​​of which follow from the IP address of the first computer: - IP address 43.43.43.2
- The main gateway is 43.43.43.1
- Preferred DNS server 43.43.43.1.
The setup of the second PC is now complete. Go to the first computer and open the internet connection properties. Find the Access tab and open it. Enable Internet sharing for all devices on the network formed by your computers. If necessary, configure the firewall and firewall settings.
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note
If you need to connect a laptop, not a stationary PC, purchase a Wi-Fi adapter. This will avoid having extra network cables.
Sources:
  • how to make an internet server

Tip 3: How to make your file server

If you want to set up data exchange between several computers in your home or office, you can also consider using a file server.A file server is a computer connected to a public network with the ability to freely transfer files inside it. How to create it?
How to make your file server
You will need
  • - several computers;
  • - 60-80-gigabyte hard drive;
  • - Ethernet card;
  • - 256-512 MB of RAM.
Instruction
Determine the number of users who can simultaneously access the server. If they are 10 or less, the file server can be built on relatively modest hardware; if more, then the connection to the server should not be sequential, but parallel. And it is necessary to consider the possibility of using a more powerful computer with a large amount of RAM for better performance.
Select the operating system for the server. This often depends on preferences and the level of comfort required. Linux or another UNIX-like operating system can run on modest hardware with high performance if you don't install a graphical interface.
Choose a hard disk with file sharing. If most of the files that will be used by the server are spreadsheets or text documents,then a 60 or 80 gigabyte hard disk will suffice, since these types of files are relatively small. However, if you are planning to share music, video or large databases, then choose a disk of several hundred gigabytes.
Buy a new or used computer or build your own. If you are planning to use Linux or a similar system, then the server will require computers with lower performance and fewer. Can be purchased and supported equipment. The main thing here will be the presence of an Ethernet card for connecting to a home or office network.
Install additional memory if required. Smaller file servers work well with 256 megabytes of RAM, and for higher performance you will need 512 megabytes or more. More users - more RAM.
Configure the server in the Control Panel, enable access to files and printers using administrative tools.
Sources:
  • Server from your computer

Tip 4: How to install apache server

Localserverused by web developers to debug scripts and test websites and web programs.One of the most common and functional packages is Apache, the advantages of which are the large number of modules and the openness of the code.
How to install apache server
Instruction
Go to the official Apache developer site. On the page that opens, on the left side of the window, click the Download a mirror link in the Download item. Download the latest version of the distribution for Windows.
Run the downloaded file. Accept the terms of the license agreement, click Next. Enter domain name, nameserverand the email address of the administrator. For installation only as localserverand in the first two lines specify localhost. Port number can be left unchanged.
In the next window, select the standard installation method. Specify the directory to unpackservera, it is advisable to create a separate folder that you later will be comfortable using (for example, C: / Apache). Click on the Install button and wait for the installation to complete.
Windows automatically starts Apache as a service immediately after installation. After the message about the completion of copying files, enter the address http: // localhost in the address bar of your browser. If the installation is completed successfully, you will see a message on the screen.
Go to “Start” - “Settings” - “Control Panel” - “Administration” - “Services”. In the window that appears, right-click on the line Apache2. To stop workingserverand click on the “Stop” item, to start - “Start”.
Main settingsserverthey are configured in the httpd.conf file, which is located in the conf folder of the Apache installation directory. Using the directives of this document, you can change the port, name and location of the main folder of the program. You can also specify the directory where your project files should be placed. Using the container, you can set options for running multiple sites.
note
PHP and MySQL are connected directly after installing the server as separate modules, which are subsequently added to the httpd.conf directives.
Sources:
  • Apache Server in 2019

Tip 5: How to make a screenshot in Ubuntu

In the Windows operating system there are many convenient programs for creating and processing screen shots. For example, a very handy tool for this purpose is included in the Yandex.Disk program. Unfortunately, the linux version of this program has limited functionality. However, to the delight of Linux users, there is an alternative program called Shutter, which allows you to take a screenshot in Ubuntu no less conveniently than Yandex.Disk and its analogs.
How to take a screenshot in Ubuntu
You will need
  • A computer with installed Ubuntu OS.
Instruction
The first step is to install the Shutter program. You can do this using the Ubuntu Application Center. Just enter in the search keyword Shutter and click install.
installation shutter
After the installation is complete, launch it from the main menu. You can also use the menu search by entering the Shutter keyword. After launch, a program icon should appear in the notification area. And also the main window of the program.
To take a screenshot, use the tools on the panel in the main window of the program. You can take a screenshot of the selected area, the desktop, the entire screen, one window and even one window element. The program has rich settings, but with the default settings it is completely ready for use as intended. The same tools are duplicated in the drop-down menu if you click on the program icon in the notification area, which is very convenient for quickly creating screenshots.
Tools for screenshots.
The resulting screenshots can be edited right there in the program. To do this, use the icon with the artist's palette. After clicking on it, a simple editor, similar to Paint, will open in which you can trim off the excess,draw arrows and highlight the necessary areas with borders, leave text labels and so on.
screenshot edit button
All screenshots are automatically saved to files. The default is the Images folder in your home folder. You can copy and paste a screenshot into a text editor directly from the program using the standard keyboard shortcuts Ctrl + C, Ctrl + V. It is also possible directly from the Shutter to perform any file operations with a screenshot. For example, move to the desired folder, go to the screenshot folder, upload to ftp or one of the many online services for storing pictures.
Helpful advice
Walk through the settings of the program, you can flexibly adjust the process and significantly reduce the time to work with the program.

Tip 6: How to make a home server

A home server is a computer that has increased memory capacity compared to a home computer. It is practically a file drive, managed using special software.
How to make a home server
You will need
  • - The computer case;
  • - Power Supply;
  • - motherboard;
  • - processor;
  • - RAM;
  • - sata controller;
  • - two - three hard drives;
  • - Network Card;
  • - Wi-Fi module.
Instruction
To make a home server, you need a few parts, devices and appliances. Among them:
The computer case. You can only use the early model year, since you will need to make a lot of rework on the cases before 2005 to install the necessary connectors and fixtures. Give the advantage to cases in which you can put several hard drives.
Power Supply. Acquire with the case, and only as a last resort separately. The fan must be low noise.
Motherboard and processor. Very carefully approach the choice of the manufacturer. From what processor you choose, will depend on the work of your server. Here is one recommendation - look for a modern, well-reviewed motherboard. If you have an old case, do not forget to agree on the installation location.
RAM. It is selected for the performance of the processor.
Two to three hard drives. Try to choose with a decent amount of memory.
Network card and Wi-Fi module. Usually on modern motherboards, built-in network cards are installed, but another one is required. When purchasing a network card, it is necessary to clarify whether it supports the so-called host mode.
The specified equipment is not the only correct and dogmatic, and may vary somewhat depending on the tasks performed.
In order to properly make a home server, the order of installation of equipment in the chassis should be as follows:
- Power Supply;
- motherboard with a processor;
- RAM;
- controller and hard disk;
- Network Card.
The order may be slightly adjusted during the assembly.
Most likely, you will need some alteration of the case for an additional network card, for which the required opening is selected in one of the walls. To install the controller, you need to remove one of the slats from the back of the case.
Your home server is compiled.


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